Expat Investment Advice: Tips for Dealing with Market Volatility
Volatility in global markets picks up sharply as investors’ worry grow and discontent spreads. Talking heads on financial news programs discuss uncertainty over economic forecasts while U.S. treasury yields plunge and crude oil and gold prices rise and fall. For expatriates trying to manage their long-term portfolios, there are times that financial news flow and market volatility can be particularly unsettling.
In this environment, what should expat investors do? Nothing is more detrimental to your long-term investment returns than getting caught up in a greed/fear cycle, which can cause investors to end up buying at high prices and then selling low. This time is no different. To avoid this trap, when it comes to successful long-term investing, it is extremely important to have a plan to deal with short-term uncertainty and market volatility.
When the going gets tough and volatility picks up, here are some tips to keep from panicking and to help you stay on track and stick with your long-term investment strategy:
1. Set aside cash for short-term goals. Strip out or exclude cash required for short-term needs (up to the next five years) from your long-term portfolio. At a minimum, set aside funds as an emergency cash reserve. Depending on your specific situation, your cash reserves should cover at least several months of living expenses or possibly more. You may also have other specific short-term goals, such as a deposit for a property purchase, education for your kids, or moving expenses. Keep funds earmarked for each of these goals invested in cash or short-term fixed-income investments in the appropriate currency and separate from your long-term portfolio.
2. Ignore short-term market noise. In the short term, market price levels move in cycles, fluctuating with the collective greed and fear of market participants. While there is no question that a contraction or a decline in overall price levels will occur at some point, when exactly one will occur is not known in advance. The financial gurus who are paid to make market predictions have no more insight than anyone else—in the short term, it's almost always something unforeseen that will determine what happens. When a correction does occur, it will not last. You don't want to risk forgoing the opportunity of achieving a long-term real return on your funds while waiting around for a possible short-term correction.
"Using [short-term] volatility as a measure of risk is nuts. Risk to us is 1) the risk of permanent loss of capital, or 2) the risk of inadequate [long-term] return."—Charlie Munger, Vice Chairman, Berkshire Hathaway
3. Focus instead on the long term. Successful investing requires focusing on the long term. Remember that your long-term portfolio contains funds you'll use over the rest of your life. Long-term market movements are driven by fundamentals such as growth in the economy or the cash flows of listed companies. Over the long term, the trend of markets has been up—for example, despite short-term contractions, USD 1 invested in U.S. large-cap stocks in 1973 would be worth USD 108.96 by the end of 2019.
4. Stick with a strategy. Evidence shows that it's far better to stay invested than to try to time a market correction and run the risk of missing a period of continued expansion. When you try to time the market, you'll find greed and fear working against you—many investors who cash out find they got out too soon and/or couldn’t judge when to buy back in and therefore stayed out too long. Take the following example where three investors had USD 100,000 invested in an S&P 500 exchange-traded fund (ETF) during the period 1 Jan. 2007–28 Feb. 2020, which included the global financial crisis, the recovery that followed, and several downturns along the way.
The first investor, "Matt," stayed invested during the entire period. Although his portfolio value dropped to USD 51,372 at the worst point, in early March 2009, he stayed in the market and reinvested all dividends that he received. By the end of February 2020, his investment was worth USD 281,497.
His friend "Mike" exited the market at the bottom (when the talking heads on cable financial networks said the S&P 500 would continue to fall) and invested in cash for a year. A year later, after learning how much better his friend Matt's portfolio was doing, he then re-entered the market and ended up with USD 175,078 at the end of February 2020.
The third friend, "Mark," cashed out after the fall, wasn't sure when to re-enter, and didn't think the subsequent rally was justified. He stayed out of the market and vowed to remain in cash, and ended up with only USD 63,462 by the end of February 2020.
The ups and downs that come with investing in a long-term portfolio that includes equity can be unsettling. However, it's important to remember that short-term uncertainty and market volatility come with the territory. Trying to hedge the volatility away or time the market will rarely work in your favor. Instead, strategies that do work include the following: Separate out cash you may need for the short term, remember that the long-term market trend is upward, and stick with your investment strategy. By following these basic principles, you're more likely to end up ahead of the game.
This article is a revised and updated version of one that had appeared previously on www.crevelingandcreveling.com.
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